WHAT IS SWPBS?
SWPBS stands for ‘School Wide Positive Behaviour Scheme’ which was first introduced in parts of America with a focus on school wide discipline. Essential elements of SWPBS include: (1) building a culture within the whole school that will serve as a foundation for both social and academic success, (2) emphasizing early identification and prevention of problem behavior, (3) directly teaching appropriate social skills to all students, and modifying or rearranging the school context when necessary to prevent problem behavior, (4) using a three-tiered continuum of behavior support practices in order to prevent problem behavior, and (5) actively using data for decision-making. SWPBS has been adopted by the Victorian Government, with a number of schools joining the trial, including ours in 2014.
Why Do We Explicitly Teach Our Expected Behaviours?
Introducing, modeling and reinforcing positive social behaviour is an important step of a student’s educational experience. Explicitly teaching our behavioural expectations and acknowledging students for demonstrating them is key to our success.
- They are necessary skills for success in life.
- Many students arrive at school without these important skills.
- They are the basis for a positive and safe climate.
- Doing so increases opportunities to teach other skills.
When Do We Teach Our Expected Behaviours?
- At the beginning of school year.
- Often enough to achieve and maintain fluency.
- Before times when problem behaviours tend to increase.
- Ongoing throughout the year. (refresher lessons)
- At teachable moments.
How Do We Teach Social Behaviours?
Tell – Introduce the expected behaviours and discuss why it is important
Show – Demonstrate and model
Practice – Role play expected behaviours in the relevant contexts
Monitor – Pre correct, supervise and provide positive feedback
Reteach – Practice throughout the day
Where Do We Teach Our Expected Behaviours?
- In every classroom throughout the school.
- Everywhere in the school.
- It is embedded in other school activities.